Composite field

CompositeFieldDefinition renders a complex field composed of one or more fields (compositeField). Use the field for objects that cannot be expressed as simple text strings or numbers such as:

  • Setting conditions for selecting the next step in a multistep form.

  • Assigning categories to a content item where the composite field consists of a category dropdown and a button for reordering categories.

  • Defining an image gallery using a media select field where the composite media field consists of a thumbnail and caption text.

  • Specifying an access control list for JCR workspaces where the composite ACL field consists of permission, scope and path.

There is also JsonCompositeFieldDefinition to be used in an app with its own JSON data source (jsonCompositeField).

These composite field definitions are part of the Magnolia 6 UI framework. Their fully qualified class names are:

  • info.magnolia.ui.field.CompositeFieldDefinition

  • info.magnolia.rest.ui.field.JsonCompositeFieldDefinition

If you work with the Magnolia 5 UI framework, see Composite field for Magnolia 5 UI instead. There is no corresponding 5 UI implementation for the JSON composite field.

Example definitions

Composite field

composite:
  $type: compositeField
  itemProvider:
    $type: jcrChildNodeProvider
  properties:
    city:
      label: city
      $type: textField
    country:
      label: country
      $type: textField

JSON composite field

jsonComposite:
  $type: jsonCompositeField
  idPropertyName: name
  properties:
    name:
      label: name
      $type: textField
      readOnly: true
    to:
      label: to
      $type: textField
      readOnly: true

Field properties

Field-specific properties

Property Description

properties

required

List of editor property definition items (typically, a list of fields).

All field types are supported. See List of fields for more information.

idPropertyName

optional (used only in JSON composite field)

Defines a unique property name for a JSON node.

propertyNameDecorator

optional, default is info.magnolia.ui.field.NoopNameDecorator

Decorates a property name for a node.

layout

optional, default is info.magnolia.ui.framework.layout.StackedLayoutProducer

Defines the field layout. The value must be a subtype of info.magnolia.ui.framework.layout.LayoutDefinition.

See Layout types for more information.

Common complex field properties

Property Description

name

required

Name of the field definition item. Derived from the configured node name. Use alphanumeric characters without spaces.

class

required (unless $type is used)

Type of the field definition item. The value must be a fully qualified class name and a subtype of info.magnolia.ui.field.FieldDefinition. See Field types for possible values.

$type

You can use this as a shortcut for class if the definition class is annotated with info.magnolia.ui.field.FieldType. The proper value is defined by the annotation.

Example class annotation
@FieldType("textField")
public class TextFieldDefinition extends ConfiguredFieldDefinition<String> {
...
}

See Field types for possible values.

itemProvider

required, default is

  • JcrPropertyProvider for JcrMultiValueFieldDefinition

  • JcrChildNodeProviderDefinition for JcrMultiFieldDefinition

  • CurrentItemProviderDefinition for StaticFieldViewDefinition

Node with a $type property that specifies the type of data binding for the subnodes in complex fields.

See Item providers for more information.

Do not use JcrMultiValueFieldDefinition with any item provider other than the default JcrPropertyProvider.

description

optional

Help text displayed when the user clicks the help icon. The value can be literal or a key of a message bundle.

i18n

optional, default is false

Enables i18n authoring support, which allows editors to write foreign-language or regionally targeted content. A two-letter language identifier (en, de, fr, etc.) is displayed on controls where i18n is set to true.

When defining the property for a multi field, the following configurations are possible:

  • To translate a unique set of entries, set i18n to false for the multi field and to true for its inner fields.

  • To translate different sets of entries, set i18n to true for the multi field and to false for its inner fields (no fallback here between languages).

We do not recommend setting i18n to true on both levels.

label

optional

Field label displayed to editors. The value can be literal or a key of a message bundle.

If you do not provide the property, Magnolia will fall back to a generated i18n key.

If you do not want to have any label, set the property to an empty string such as label: "" in YAML.

styleName

optional

Additional style information for an editor property definition item applied to the element when the form is rendered. The value can be a CSS class or a list of CSS classes separated by white spaces.

The style name will be rendered as an HTML class name, which can be used in a CSS definition. The class name is added to the field by calling the Vaadin method addStyleName.

The referenced class can be defined in:

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