Rich text field

RichTextFieldDefinition renders a rich text editor. This is a custom Magnolia field that implements the CKEditor component.

This rich text field definition is part of the Magnolia 6 UI framework. The fully qualified class name is info.magnolia.ui.field.RichTextFieldDefinition.

If you work with the Magnolia 5 UI framework, see Rich text field for Magnolia 5 UI instead.

Example definition

  label: Text editor
  $type: richTextField
  height: 500
  tables: true
  source: true

Field properties

Field-specific properties

Property Description


optional, default is false

Allows text alignment for paragraphs. When set to true, this property adds alignment buttons (left, center, right, and justify) to the toolbar.



Colors displayed in the color selector. Comma-separated hexadecimal color codes without the # prefix (for example, 00923E,F8C100,28166F). See CKEditor documentation for more information.



Location of a custom CKEditor configuration file.

For more details, see the section Customization below.



List of font names displayed in the font selector. Separate entries with a semi-colon (for example, Arial/Arial,sans-serif;Times New Roman/Times New Roman,serif). It is possible to have more than one font for each entry separated by a comma. A display name may be optionally defined by prefixing the entries with the name and the slash character. See CKEditor documentation for more information.



List of fonts sizes displayed in the font selector. Separate entries with a semi-colon (for example, 16/16px;24/24px;48/48px). Any CSS-supported size can be used (for example, 12px, 2.3em, 130%, larger or x-small). A display name may be optionally defined by prefixing the entries with the name and the slash character. For example, Bigger Font/14px will be displayed as Bigger Font in the list and outputted as 14px. See CKEditor documentation for more information.


optional, default is -1

Height of the field (including the toolbar). This property accepts an integer (to denote a value in pixels). Value of -1 means that the component will take the minimum necessary space.


optional, default is false

Allows images from the DAM. When set to true, this property adds an image button to the toolbar. The user can define the size and alignment of the image and some metadata.


optional, default is true

Allows bulleted and numbered lists. When set to false, this property removes list buttons from the toolbar.


optional, default is false

Allows toggling between text and HTML editing. When set to true, this property adds a source button to the toolbar.


optional, default is false

Allows tables. When set to true, this property adds a table button to the toolbar.

Common simple field properties

Property Description



Name of the field definition item. Derived from the configured node name. Use alphanumeric characters without spaces.


required (unless $type is used)

Type of the field definition item. The value must be a fully qualified class name and a subtype of info.magnolia.ui.field.FieldDefinition. See Field types for possible values.


You can use this as a shortcut for class if the definition class is annotated with info.magnolia.ui.field.FieldType. The proper value is defined by the annotation.

Example class annotation
public class TextFieldDefinition extends ConfiguredFieldDefinition<String> {

See Field types for possible values.


required, default is java.lang.String

Data type of the field. Use the fully qualified class name. See PropertyType for possible values.

A default type is typically hard-coded in each definition class. You only need to add this property if you want to override the default implementation.

In text fields, make sure that type has a value matching the type of data you entered (for example, java.lang.Long for long values) and that converterClass is set accordingly.

Example definition
  $type: textField
  type: java.lang.Long



Converts values between presentation (UI) and model (stored data). The property must extend Available classes:

  • info.magnolia.ui.editor.converter.JcrNodeToIdentifierConverter

  • info.magnolia.ui.editor.converter.JcrNodeToPathConverter

  • info.magnolia.ui.editor.converter.JcrNodeToWorkspaceAndIdConverter

  • info.magnolia.ui.editor.converter.JcrPathToIdentifierConverter


optional, default is translated conversion.message.error key

Message shown when there is an error in the conversion process. The value can be literal or a key of a message bundle.



Pre-filled default value displayed in the field. The value can be overwritten by the user. Use alphanumeric characters.

Applied only when creating a new item, not for already existing items.

For defaultValue to work, the populate property in OpenDialogActionDefinition must be set to false.



Help text displayed when the user clicks the help icon. The value can be literal or a key of a message bundle.



Defines the factory class that initializes and builds the Vaadin form field. The default factory class depends on the particular field.

The value must be a fully qualified class name and a subtype of info.magnolia.ui.field.FieldFactory.



Defines the binder class that applies configuration parameters from the field.


optional, default is false

Enables i18n authoring support, which allows editors to write foreign-language or regionally targeted content. A two-letter language identifier (en, de, fr, etc.) is displayed on controls where i18n is set to true.



Field label displayed to editors. The value can be literal or a key of a message bundle.

If you do not provide the property, Magnolia will fall back to a generated i18n key.

If you do not want to have any label, set the property to an empty string such as label: "" in YAML.


optional, default is false

Makes the field uneditable.


optional, default is false (not relevant for checkbox field)

Makes the field required. An asterisk is displayed next to the field label.


optional, default is translated validation.message.required key

Error message shown when required is set to true and the user saves an empty field. The value can be literal or a key of a message bundle.



Additional style information for an editor property definition item applied to the element when the form is rendered. The value can be a CSS class or a list of CSS classes separated by white spaces.

The style name will be rendered as an HTML class name, which can be used in a CSS definition. The class name is added to the field by calling the Vaadin method addStyleName.

The referenced class can be defined in:



List of field validator definition items. Any value must be a subtype of info.magnolia.ui.field.FieldValidatorDefinition.

See Field validators for more information.

Decoding text

CKEditor produces HTML such as <p> elements for paragraphs. However, text stored in JCR usually escapes HTML code. To render text that originates from a rich text field, you need to decode the stored content to make sure the HTML tags are rendered properly again.

Here is how to decode the content object and get the desired property from it:


See cmsfn Decode HTML for more information.

CKEditor provides a tabbed dialog for inserting links (such as anchor tags) into rich text. The fields of this dialog map to the following element attributes.

Field ID Attribute





Language direction


Language code


Access key


Tab index


Advisory title


Advisory content type


Stylesheet classes


The style field expects inline style values to consist of one or more tuples with the format of "name : value", separated by semi-colons.

Linked resource charset




Force download


Renders an empty attribute with no value.
Because a rich text editor adds HTML to your content, the HTML will be indexed by search engines along with the content.


A custom configuration of the CKEditor allows you to control the config.extraPlugins setting, but it also means you need to add the magnolialink and magnoliaFileBrowser plugins to your file. See the default config-magnolia.js for how to include the plugins.

If you use a custom configuration file, Magnolia will ignore all the other configured properties.

A custom configuration file can be located in the resources workspace, file system or classpath.



The default configuration files can be found in magnolia-ui-framework/src/main/resources/mgnl-resources/ckeditor/:

  • config-magnolia.js (Git): Magnolia configuration file.

  • config-default.js (Git): CKEditor configuration file.

Light rich text field

Light rich text field (LightRichTextFieldDefinition) is a special type of rich text field provided by the Content Editor module.

Compared with the features of the rich text field, the text formatting functions of the light rich text field are limited. In addition, the field can only be used as a content block element in a custom content editor.